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12/03/2022 / José Quintás Alonso

Movilidad Social (índice)

The Global Social Mobility Report 2020; Equality, Opportunity and a New Economic Imperative

Supongo que en nuestras Facultades de Sociología este contenido lo tendrán ya suficientemente trabajado…

Los cálculos se efectúan siguiendo estos criterios:

To allow the aggregation of indicators of different nature and magnitude, each indicator entering the Global Social Mobility Index is converted into a unit-less score, called “progress score”, ranging from 0 to 100 using a min-max transformation. Formally, each indicator is re-scaled according to the following formula:

where valuei,c is the “raw” value of country c for indicator i, worst performance (wpi,) is the lowest acceptable value for indicator i and frontier i corresponds to the best possible outcome. Depending on the indicator, the frontier may be a policy target or aspiration, the maximum possible value, or a number derived from statistical analysis of the distribution (e.g. 90th or 95th percentile). If a value is below the worst performance value, its score is 0; if a value is above the frontier value, its score is capped at 100.
In the case of indicators derived from the Executive Opinion Survey, frontieri and wpi values are always 7 and 1, respectively. These values correspond to the two extreme answers of any questions. Table 1 below provides the actual floor and frontier values used for the normalization of each individual indicator.

De acuerdo a ello, obtienen la siguiente clasificación:

Movilidad, ranking general. España se posiciona en 28 lugar

Sin embargo, en este componente, España se sitúa en el quinto lugar!!!!. Y es un componente importante, ¿no?

Estudio en PDF. Ahí se incluyen los datos (conociendo que es difícil disponer de ellos y asegurar su calidad!; claro que, para mi, son mejores que creer en la opinión del Líder Supremo)

¿Y que parámetros trabajan?

Indicator titles and unitsFrontierWorst performanceGuiding principle
1.01Adolescent birth rate per 1.000 women100095th percentile rounded up to 100
1.02Prevalence of malnourishment (% of 5-19 year olds)500Arbitrary min max
1.03Health Access and Quality Index (0–100 best)1000Extreme values of the IHME Index
1.04Inequality-adjusted healthy life expectancy index (0–100 best)7240Health adjusted life expectancy score based on Human Development Report 2016 Practice
2.01Pre-primary enrolment (%)1000Range of possible values
2.02Quality of vocational training (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
2.03NEET ratio (% of 15–24 year olds)300Natural min and arbitrary maximum
2.04Out-of-school children (%)100Natural min. 95th percentile rounded
2.05Inequality-adjusted education index (0–100 best)10Natural min. round 95th percentile
3.01Children below minimum proficiency (%)700Natural min. round 95th percentile
3.02Pupils per teacher in pre-primary education3555th percentile rounded/arbitrary max
3.03Pupils per teacher in primary education4010Arbitrary min/arbitrary max
3.04Pupils per teacher in secondary education355Arbitrary min/arbitrary max
3.05Harmonized learning outcomes (score)600200Natural min/arbitrary max
3.06Social diversity in schools (score)9150Min rounded to 50/arbitrary max
3.07Percentage of disadvantaged students in schools which report a lack of education material1000Arbitratry min/arbitraty max
4.01Extent of staff training (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
4.02Active labour market policies (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
4.03Access to basic services through ICTs (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
4.04Percentage of firms offering formal training750Both extremes rounded
4.05Digital skills among active population (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
5.01Internet users (%)1000GCI 4.0 2019 value
5.02Fixed-broadband internet subscriptions per 100 pop.500GCI 4.0 2019 value
5.03Mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 pop.1200120 is the value above which mobile broadband technology is considered sufficiently widespread not to constitute a constraint for the average user
5.04Population covered by at least a 3G mobile network (%)1000Range of possible values
5.05Rural population with electricity access (%)1000Range of possible values
5.06Internet access in schools (1–7 best)71Range of possible values
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